Philosophy & Religion

Fifteen Eighty Four


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  • 1 May 2024
    David W. Congdon

    The quest for the essence of Christianity is alive and well

    Adolf von Harnack in May 1923, public domain. The term “essence of Christianity” has an archaic feel about it, not unlike colloquial phrases such as “made in the shade” or “butter and egg man.” According to the Google Books Ngram Viewer, the phrase peaked around 1850—thanks to the George Eliot’s translation of Ludwig Feuerbach’s The […]

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  • 24 Apr 2024
    Christopher C. Knight

    Have a Bit of Nous: Understanding the Relationship between the Faith Traditions of the World

    It’s not often that people nowadays invoke an ancient Greek philosophical concept but – without knowing that this is what they’re doing – this is precisely what happens, in certain parts of Britain, when people criticise someone else’s lack of common sense. In Yorkshire, in particular, you’ll still often hear someone voice this kind of […]

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  • 27 Mar 2024
    Michael Walschots

    Kant’s Ethics in Historical Context

    The eighteenth-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) became a towering figure in the history of Western philosophy because his thinking was revolutionary in many ways. Take one of his famous doctrines as an example: with what he called ‘transcendental idealism’ Kant believed he was radically reconceiving the nature of knowledge and reality in a way […]

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  • 27 Mar 2024
    Andrew S. Jacobs

    Imagining the Vulnerable Bible

    What if the Bible that sits on your shelf-the Bible you hear read from in services, the Bible from which your clergy preach sermons, the Bible held up by politicians inspired by its contents-was a lie? What if some long-lost-or long-suppressed!-text suddenly came to light, dating to the first century, overturning everything you, your clergy, and your politicians thought […]

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  • 26 Feb 2024
    David Lay Williams, Matthew W. Maguire

    Rousseau and Democracy

    2024 promises to be a year of decision for democracies worldwide, with important elections scheduled in Taiwan, Venezuela, Mexico, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Several of these elections are taking place in countries with relatively fragile democracies, and  where the voters themselves are uncertain about the political health and stability of their […]

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  • 9 Feb 2024
    Edwin Mares

    Reasoning about Reasoning

    Studying self-referring language is fun. This is the reason why so many philosophers talk about the logic of truth. When we talk about the truth or falsity of sentences, we use language to talk about itself. My book, The Logic of Entailment and its History (Cambridge University Press, 2024), is not about truth, but about […]

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  • 18 Jan 2024
    K. Brad Wray

    Why is Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions so important?

    Thomas Kuhn published The Structure of Scientific Revolutions in 1962, over 60 years ago.  The book is principally remembered for the role it attributes to paradigm change in the development of science.  On Kuhn’s account, the growth of scientific knowledge follows a pattern; periods of normal science, characterized by widespread consensus, are interrupted by paradigm […]

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  • 18 Jan 2024
    Gabriele Gava

    Kant’s First Critique and the Method of Metaphysics

    The main claim of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason and the Method of Metaphysics (Cambridge University Press 2023) is that the Critique of Pure Reason should be read as the doctrine of method of metaphysics. One way to clarify the meaning of this claim is to say that it proposes a new perspective on Kant’s […]

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